The 2010 Senate candidate was almost a caricature of the sort of Republican who drives Democrats crazy. He bragged about his endorsement by the National Rifle Association, criticized “Obamacare” and dramatized his support for coal by picking up a rifle and blasting away at a bill aimed at curbing greenhouse gas emissions.
But the guy who turned those themes into a victory was not a Republican. He was a Democrat, Joe Manchin of West Virginia. And he’s somehow proven to be both the indispensable senator for President Joe Biden and a villain to many in his party.
You might think Democrats would be building shrines to the person who has kept them in control of the Senate. A Democrat has about as much business representing West Virginia — which Donald Trump won by a 39-point margin — as a vegan sandwich has on the Burger King menu.
Of course, Burger King does offer a vegan sandwich — the Impossible Burger. And it has succeeded much as Manchin has, by doing an excellent impersonation of something people like. Impossible Foods offers an appealing oxymoron — “meat made from plants,” as it advertises.
Manchin does the same, compiling a center-right voting record from his desk on the liberal side of the chamber. An analysis by FiveThirtyEight found that during Trump’s tenure, he sided with the administration 50.4% of the time. He scores low with both the American Conservative Union (27%) and the American Civil Liberties Union (23%). The website GovTrack grades Manchin as more conservative than two Republican senators, Susan Collins of Maine and Lisa Murkowski of Alaska.
It’s no wonder that liberals differ with him on many issues. But they have let his refusal to support reform of the filibuster or the Democratic election reform bill cloud their minds. Rep. Jamaal Bowman, D-N.Y., called Manchin “the new Mitch McConnell.” Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, D-N.Y., accused him of complicity in “voter suppression.”
The attacks bring to mind what Biden recalls his own father saying: “Don’t compare me to the Almighty; compare me to the alternative.” It doesn’t seem to occur to Bowman that if not for Manchin, the Senate would be under the control of the real Mitch McConnell, who would use a GOP majority to block Biden on almost every front. For Manchin to align himself with Ocasio-Cortez would produce a different type of voter suppression — of West Virginians willing to cast their ballots for him.
It’s easy for politicians like these to fault Manchin for being insufficiently progressive, because they don’t have to run for office in West Virginia. Bowman’s district went for Biden by a 52-point margin; Ocasio-Cortez’s by 45 points. They can lurch as far left as they want without fearing defeat at the polls.
A Democratic politician in West Virginia, however, has to carefully balance party priorities with political survival. That Manchin has been able to win statewide over and over is not an achievement; it’s a miracle. He’s been able to do it largely by consistently staying arms-length from the prevailing ideology of his party.
In that endeavor, his recent vilification by progressives is more likely to help him at home than to hurt him. It reinforces Manchin’s priceless reputation as a different kind of Democrat.
But they have reason to be grateful to him. One reason is that he’s not entirely averse to taking political risks on behalf of his party’s agenda. The website FiveThirtyEight found he has voted with Biden 100% of the time so far.
Without Manchin, Biden would be unable to get many of his judicial nominees confirmed. Republicans would chair all Senate committees and determine the legislative calendar. The president would face a stone wall of GOP opposition. Today’s Democratic frustration would give way to outright despair.
What the party needs is not fewer people like Manchin but more. The Democratic approach works well in presidential elections, but it has yet to produce lasting majorities in Congress — and it has been a dismal failure in state elections.
Manchin has demonstrated that it’s possible for a Democrat to win in the reddest of states by selectively straying from liberal orthodoxy. If many others would follow his example, Democrats would have a stronger hand, which would make Manchin less of an impediment to their agenda.
Progressives who think they are at odds with him are really at odds with political reality. Manchin never forgets that, as Shakespeare wrote, there is no virtue like necessity.